The Institute for Applied Autonomy (IAA) was founded in 1998 as an anonymous collective of artists, activsts, and engineers united by the cause of individual and collective self-determination.The group's stated mission is to extend the autonomy of human activists in the performance of real-world, public acts of dissent. IAA research has thus far focused on access to public space and the rise of the surveillance society. Projects to date include robots that spraypaint graffiti and distribute subversive literature, mobile-device software that enables users to avoid CCTV surveillance cameras, and cell phone text messaging services that allow activists to monitor police action during political demonstrations.